Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa. It is also known as Jozi, Jo'burg and Joeys. Established in 1886, it is full of history and culture. The city owes its location to the presence of a precious resource: gold. Vibrant heart of South Africa this friendly city offers a lot to see and do. Johannesburg boasts a rich cultural life. The Johannesburg Art Gallery features Africa’s finest collection of European Impressionists, while most of the city’s dozen private galleries increasingly highlight the work of African artists. With its superb museums, mostly offering deep insight into South Africa's troubled past, Johannesburg is now looking optimistically towards the future. This is a city of extraordinary contrasts, of glass and steel skyscrapers and shantytowns.