After the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, all the western regions of Poland, including Oświęcim, were annexed by the Third Reich. The town was renamed as Auschwitz and the same name was given to a complex of concentration and extermination camps that were built there. The history of the Auschwitz concentration camp can be divided into two primary periods: the years 1940-1942, when it functioned as a concentration camp and a place of slow extermination, and the years 1942-1944, when it was transformed into the biggest center of immediate mass extermination of Jews, who had been transported into the camp under the policy conducted by the Third Reich that assumed the extermination of the entire Jewish population in Europe. It is estimated that over 1.1 million women, men, and children died in the camp during these four years. A visit to the Auschwitz Museum allows you to learn about the cruel fate of these people and to broaden your historical knowledge of the Holocaust.
A trip to the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum is a specific encounter with the history of Nazi cruelty and the fate of the Holocaust victims, which is the saddest in the history of humanity. During the tour, you will see a permanent exhibition, original camp buildings in the main part of the complex (Auschwitz) and the most important sites in Brzezinka (Birkenau). Konzentrationslager (KL) Auschwitz was established as a result of Nazi policy conducted in the territory of occupies Poland to destroy the Polish state using mass deportations and systematic extermination. During the tour, your group will be accompanied by an experienced museum guide who will tell you step by step about the sad fate of the camp victims.